Surya Namaskara (सूर्यनमस्कार), or Sun Salutation, is a warm up routine based on a sequence of linked asanas. The name refers to the symbolism of Sun as the soul and the source of all life. Sūrya Namaskāra refers to a number styles of ”Sun Salutations” and a yogi may develop a personalized yoga warm up routine as surya-namaskar to precede his or her asana practice. 12 Surya Namaskaras are traditionally practised per cycle.
Surya Namaskar B follows the Surya Namaskar A as one of the sun salutations opening the Ashtanga Vinyasa Primary Series. Preceding the Primary Series 5 rounds of Surya Namaskar A and 5 rounds of Surya Namaskar B are traditionally practised.