Surya Namaskara (सूर्यनमस्कार), or Sun Salutation, is a warm up routine based on a sequence of linked asanas. The name refers to the symbolism of Sun as the soul and the source of all life. Sūrya Namaskāra refers to a number styles of ”Sun Salutations” and a yogi may develop a personalized yoga warm up routine as surya-namaskar to precede his or her asana practice. 12 Surya Namaskaras are traditionally practised per cycle.
Surya Namaskar A is one of the sun salutations opening the Ashtanga Vinyasa Primary Series, the following one being Surya Namaskar B. Preceding the Primary Series 5 rounds of Surya Namaskar A are traditionally practised. The Surya Namaskar A is also the most common version of Surya Namaskar in the ritual 108 Sun Salutations, when a continuos flow of 108 Sun Salutations is performed.